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ROCEEDINGS

of the NATIONAL ACADEMY of
SCIENCES of BELARUS.

AGRARIAN SCIENCES SERIES

ISSN 1817-7204

Русский
The National Academy of Sciences of Belarus

National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Belarus
Editor-in-chief V. Gusakov, vice editor-in-chief P. Kazakevich, V. Azarenko
40 F.Skaryny St. Minsk 220141 Belarus phone +375 17 3697700 fax +375 17 3698618 e-mail: belnauka@infonet.by
Information about the titles change:
1963-1992 гг. – «Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of  BSSR. Agrarian series»
1992-2002 гг. – «Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of Republic of Belarus. Agrarian series»

 



2012 №3

Contents:
Economics
Agriculture and Plant Cultivation
Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine
Mechanization and Power Engineering
Processing and Storage of Agricultural Production
Scientists of Belarus

UpEconomics

Full textKovel P.V.
Modern methodological problems of estimation of compensation of capital investments in agricultural companies production
The article analyzes the contents, indices, problems and methods of evaluation of the return on investments in agricultural production, which specify this factor while substantiating and analyzing the projects and activities. The problems of evaluation of the return on investments are considered.

Full textIlyina Z.M., Garus E.Z.
Evaluation of the efficiency of the implementation of quality systems and food products safety: methodological aspects
The article presents the data on current trends in the development of food industry in Belarus, the state of the methodological base and institutional structures for certification of products quality management systems, describes the mechanism of development and evaluation of functioning of the system of quality and certification of food products at processing enterprises.

Full textSuboch F.I.
Innovative development of sugar industry enterprises in the aspect of strengthening the national food competitiveness
The article presents the essence and importance of innovative development of sugar industry enterprises in the aspect of strengthening the national food competitiveness. Organizing innovative activity in the form of clusters brings about the creation of a special form of interaction of different spheres in agroindustrial complex. This interaction allows to speed up the diffusion of innovations in the local economic area. The factors influencing the formation and development of an agroindustrial cluster are enumerated. On the example of Minsk oblast suggested is the organizational and productive structure of the cluster for production of raw materials, their processing and selling ready made goods.

UpAgriculture and Plant Cultivation

Full textShlapunov V.N.
Reserves of increasing the production and improving the quality of foodstuffs
The article presents the results of research and state variety trials on productivity of fodder crops. It is substantiated to improve the structure of sowing through replacement of perennial and annual grass swards for legume and legume-grass mixtures extending the areas under postcut and postharvest crops.

Full textPikun P.T., Korotkov M.M.
Role of microelements in seed breeding of lucerne and oriental galega
In southern regions of Belarus soil and climatic conditions allow to grow the seeds of lucerne and oriental galega. Studying the influence of microelements on the yield of lucerne seeds shows that this yield depends on the choice of a variety: the variety Belorusskaya has a great advantage over the variety Zaykevich, at the same time the variety Prevoshodnaya has advantage over the variety Belorusskaya. When Borium is used for top dressing of Lucerne and is applied to soil, it turns to be the best of all the microelements to be studied, because the yield of Lucerne seeds increases and the quality of seeds improves. The yield of oriental galega seeds of the variety Polesskaya is very high when boric fertilizers are applied at shooting stage.

Full textNadtochayev N.F., Volodkin D.N., Meleshkevich M.A.
Comparative productivity of maize hybrids of different groups in the process of for cultivation for grain in the central part of Belarus
The results of three-year researches on the evaluation of productivity of maize hybrids of western breeding in the central part of Belarus are presented in the article. In the process of cultivation for grain the optimum maturity group was identified. Correlations between yield and parameters influencing it (seed germination, plant height, dry matter content, length of the period from shoots to ear flowering, resistance to lodging, affecting by corn smut) were revealed.

Full textSоrока S.V., Tsyganov A.R., Sоrока L.I., Yaкimovich E.A.
Efficiency of herbicides 2,4-D and 2M-4X group in winter grain crops protection
The experimental data of 26 trials show that when winter grain crops are prevalently infested by weed plants sensitive to phenoxy acids (Chenopodium album, Сapsella bursa-pastoris, Thlaspi arvense, wind-fallen Brassica and etc.), 2,4-D herbicidal activity is manifested at sufficiently high level – 90–100%. When in winter grain crop agrocoenosis the resistant to this herbicidal group weeds present (Galeopsis tetrahit, Stellaria media, Viola arvensis, Galium aparine, Sonchus arvensis, Cirsium arvense, Tripleurospermum inodorum) the efficiency of the given herbicides is decreased up to 10–50%. Regarding not very high cost (10–15 $ USD/ha) of cultivation the use of pure herbicides of this group on the fields infested with windfall (Brassica, Chenopodium album, Сapsella bursa-pastoris, Thlaspi arvense, Papaver rhoeas) is economically justified. Also these herbicides mixed with other groups can be used on the fields with a high level of infestation.

UpAnimal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine

Full textFedorenkova L.A., Batkovskaya T.V., Yanovich Е.А.
Physical and chemical characteristics and organoleptic evaluation of meat and fat of different genotypes of pigs
A positive effect of boars of meat breeds yorkshire, duroc and landrace on physical and chemical meat and fat properties of the obtained crosses is established. The tendency to the decrease of moisture content in the meat of the four experimental groups: (BGWxBM)xD, (BGWxBM)xL, (BMxL)xD and (BMxL)xL by 1.1, 1.8, 2.1% at P < 0.05, 2,7% at P < 0.001, and the increase of intramuscular fat content by 0.76% (P < 0.01), 0.96% (P < 0.01), 1,.6% (P < 0.001), 1.66% (P < 0.001) is identified. The average score of organoleptic evaluation of the meat of animals of experimental groups is within 4.42–4.77 scores, what means “meat of high and very high quality”.

Full textSheyko I.P., Pristupa N.V.
Fattening and meat indices of the new plant type of pigs “berezinsky” in belarusian meat breed
The application of new breeding methods in a breed forming process enables to form and get highly productive genotypes in pig breeding within a short period of time. These genotypes are characterized by high indices of fattening and meat qualities. Study of the productivity indices of animals of the new plant type “berezinsky” witness about rather high indices of fattening and meat qualities: age of reaching 100 kg of weight is about 174.4 days, average daily weight gain – 825 g, forage spends per 1 kg of gain – 3.28 forage units, backfat thickness – 18 mm, weight of rear half-third part of carcass – 11.4 kg, loin area – 43.5 cm2 and meat content in carcass – 63.4%. Correlations researches show that meat qualities of carcasses of the new plant type of pigs may be precisely (P < 0.01; P < 0.001) estimated on its content in separate cuts and first of all in hock.

Full textSamsonovich V.A.
Influence of strongylus on morphological composition of blood and indices of natural resistance in piglets
The article presents the results of studying the influence of strongylus on the indices of blood serum of pigs under experimental infection. The basic haematological indices, lisozyme and bactericidal activity of blood serum, protein and protein fractions content are researched.

Full textGoluschko V.M., Linkevich S.A., Golushko O.G., Kozinets A.I., Nadarinskaya M.A., Golushko A.V.
Rape cake in the diet of farm animals
When studying the increase of rape cake content in foodstuffs for highly productive cows and pigs the various influence on the yield and quality of hulks of cows and pigs as well as the net cost of products is established.

UpMechanization and Power Engineering

Full textHerasimovich L.S., Shersten V.E., Shulga V.A.
Peculiarities of measurement of energy consumption in agroindustrial settlements
The article deals with scientific and methodological peculiarities of measurement of energy consumption for new establishments in country – agricultural settlements. The existing scheme of energy consumption of an agricultural settlement and its industrial facilities is presented. The information on electric equipment and energetic and technical characteristics of a dairy farm is stated. The methods of calculation of energy consumption standards for industrial and social facilities are suggested.

Full textMarinich L.A., Lensky A.V., Kudrevich A.A.
Comparative analysis of the operational efficiency of self-propelled forage harvesters Jaguar 850/870 and ICC-800 in the process of maize conservation and grass selection
The paper presents a comparative analysis of economic efficiency of modern domestic and foreign self-propelled forage harvesters in accordance with the results of their operation in the regions of the republic. The variation of annual load indices as well as operating time, fuel consumption and prime cost of mechanized operations are estimated according to the results of a harvesting campaign.

UpProcessing and Storage of Agricultural Production

Full textAkulich A.V., Morgunova E.M., Shelegova N.A., Baranov O.M.
Dynamics of accumulation of aromatic substances in the process of fermentation of guilder-rose extracts of herbs is the basis at producing premium-class drinks
When producing natural low alcoholic drinks of premium class on the basis of guilder-rose extracts of herbs, new data on aroma forming ability of active yeast powder are received.

UpScientists of Belarus

Full text
Ivan Mikhailovich Kachuro (To the 110th Anniversary of Birthday)

Full text
Anton Lavrentievich Ambrosov (To the 100th Anniversary of Birthday)

Full text
Vilor Fridmanovich Samersov (To the 75th Anniversary of Birthday)

Full text
Vasilii Nicolaevich Shlapunov (To the 80th Anniversary of Birthday)

Full text
Nikolai Andreevich Kovaliov (To the 75th Anniversary of Birthday)

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