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ROCEEDINGS

of the NATIONAL ACADEMY of
SCIENCES of BELARUS.

AGRARIAN SCIENCES SERIES

ISSN 1817-7204

Русский
The National Academy of Sciences of Belarus

National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Belarus
Editor-in-chief V. Gusakov, vice editor-in-chief P. Kazakevich, V. Azarenko
40 F.Skaryny St. Minsk 220141 Belarus phone +375 17 3697700 fax +375 17 3698618 e-mail: belnauka@infonet.by
Information about the titles change:
1963-1992 гг. – «Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of  BSSR. Agrarian series»
1992-2002 гг. – «Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of Republic of Belarus. Agrarian series»

 



2016 №2

Contents:
To the 85th Anniversary of the Institute for Soil Science and Agrochemistry
Economics
Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine
Mechanization and Power Engineering
Processing and Storage of Agricultural Production
Scientists of Belarus

UpTo the 85th Anniversary of the Institute for Soil Science and Agrochemistry

Full textLapa V. V., Kasjanchik S. А.
Development of the Institute for Soil Science and Agrochemistry

Full textTsytron G. S., Shulgina S. V., Azarenok T. N., Matychenkova O. V., Kalyuk V. A., Shibut L. I., Matychenkov D. V.
Spatial-time transformation of organogenic soils of agricultural lands of Belarus
The paper demonstrates the results of systematization and generalization of the materials appropriate to the completion of soil-cartographic works on the drained and adjacent lands of agricultural organizations of the republic. Presented is the new information about the existence of peat and degropeat soils ranged at the species level of classification as a part of agricultural lands, and conducted is the analysis of spatial-time transformation of the component composition of drained organic
soils between two rounds of the soil survey (1986–1998 and 2005–2015).

Full textSeraya T. M., Kirdun T. M., Bogatyrova E. N., Biryukova O. M., Belyavskaya Yu. A.
The influence of fertilization systems on the productivity of crop rotation and agrochemical indicators of soddy-podzolic sandy loam soil
The influence of by products ploughing and mineral fertilizer doses on the crop rotation productivity and agrochemical indicators of sod-podzolic sandy loam soil is studied. It’s established that autumn application of a compensatory dose of nitrogen to the straw didn’t ensure the increased productivity of crop rotation. It’s shown that application of correct doses of phosphorus and potassium fertilizers taking into account the phosphorus and potassium from a straw predecessor didn’t bring about the reduction of the productivity of crop rotation in comparison with the application of full doses of fertilizers and allowed saving P60 and K360.

Full textPirahouskaya H. V.
Potassium uptake with precipitation, concentration in soil solutions and migration from arable sod-podzolic soils of Belarus (Оn the data of lysimetric researches in 1981–2012)
The article deals with the results of long term experiments determining migration and balance of nutrition elements in the system: precipitation-soil-fertilizer-plant. Studied is potassium uptake with precipitation on soil surface, its losses when it is leached from sod-podzolic soils of different granulometric composition (from soil layer 1,0–1,5 m) during long agricultural use (1981–2012): different seasons of the year and decades (1981–1990, 1991–2000 and 2001–2010), and years with different degree of soil moisturization.

Full textBogdevitch I. M., Putyatin Yu. V., Tavrykina O. M., Lomonos O. L.
Diagnostic of the crop magnesium nutrition on podzoluvisol loamy soils
The results of long-term field experiments on specially prepared 4 levels of exchangeable magnesium content in Podzoluvisol loamy soils in a wide range of Mg 46–263 mg · kg–1 are presented. The parameters of soil and plant diagnostics of magnesium supply of corn, spring rapeseed and barley have been developed. The obtained data enable to choose the appropriate fields for particular crops and to identify the necessity for foliar spray of plants with 4 % solution of MgSO4 · 7H2О according to the analyses of soils and plants at early stages of their development.

UpEconomics

Full textGusakov V. G.
The main problems of the progressive development of agro-industrial complex
The article deals with the basic issues of the progressive stable development of the national agro-industrial complex (pricing mechanism improvement, optimization of credit interest rates, increase of output and sales volume and others). The proposals on the solution to these issues are stated.

Full textSkakun A. S.
Current situation and transforming processes in the agriculture of Belarus
The paper considers the main destructive and stabilizing factors, and estimation of production and economic conditions applied to functioning of branches of agriculture is given. The author reveals the effectiveness of reforming of organizational and legal structure concerning business entities in rural areas, the main directions of innovation and investment activities affecting the efficiency of agricultural organizations and agricultural enterprises are identified as well.

Full textRastorgouev P. V.
Conceptual bases for forming institutional environment of quality management system in agriculture
The priorities for improving the institutional environment of an effective application of quality management system tools in agriculture are presented in the article, the essence and content of structural elements of the conceptual bases for its formation and development under current conditions are described. The model of the systematic approach implementation to the quality management of agricultural products, as well as the system of assessment indicators of the efficiency of its functioning are developed.

Full textZapolsky M. I.
Methodology for formation of state-private partnership in the agriculture of Belarus
The development of state-private partnership in the field of agro-industrial manufacture is restricted due to the absence of special legislation, high degree of the management of the economy, insufficiently developed private business in the agroindustrial complex, absence of the modern capital market. The conditions of a successful development of partnership structures in the agro-industrial complex are proposed, the model and organizational and economic mechanism of functioning of a state and private partnership structure are developed. The created methodology enables to fit together economic interests of the participants of a partnership structure (from different brunches), allows all the participants of a cluster to use innovations up to the maximum, to increase the competitiveness of a cluster on a definite territory.

UpAnimal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine

Full textTrofimov А. F., Muzyka A. A., Moskaliov A. A.
Features of formation of microclimate in livestock buildings depending on design
The indicators of microclimate and comfortable conditions of livestock maintenance in the buildings of different design during winter, summer and transitional periods of the year are studied. It’s established that metal buildings ensure more comfortable conditions in comparison with reinforced framing buildings. It’s shown that installation of a skylight in livestock buildings and use of big horizontal ceiling and recirculating air fans ensure the effective work of an air ventilation system in a cowshed and create comfortable conditions for the rest of animals.

Full textKosko I. S.
Fattening and meat traits of a four-breed hybrid of young pigs
Fattening and meat traits of a four breed hybrid of young pigs are studied. It’s established that young pigs of the (BLW x Y) x (D x P) genotype have better fattening traits, and the animals of the (L x Y) x (D x P) genotype demonstrate the best meat traits.

Full textSheyko I. P., Sheyko R. I., Timoshenko T. N.
Belarusian inbreed type of pigs in duroc breed
The article presents the data and characteristics of animals of the inbreed type in the Duroc breed. Genealogical structure of the inbreed type and number of animals at basic enterprises of the republic are stated. Reproductive traits of sows and fattening and meat traits of young animals are studied.

Full textShalak M. V., Pochkina S. N., Marusich A. G., Muravieva M. I.
Influence of the iodine containing preparation Iodomarin on the reproductive capacity and lactation performance of cows
The influence of the new iodine containing preparation Iodomarin on the reproductive capacity and lactation performance of cows has been studied. It’s established that the use of 750 mkg of Iodomarin per capita a day improves the reproductive capacity of cows. It is reflected in the reduction of the labour length, a quicker separation of the placenta after calving, the reduction of the service time, and the increase of the lactation performance.

UpMechanization and Power Engineering

Full textBakach N. G., Мazhuhin I. Е.
Theoretical analysis of the influence of movement of grassland mower blades on its performance
The paper demonstrates the results of the theoretical substantiation of the movement of mower blades on its performance. The analysis of the research of a rotary cut of the green is presented. Obtained is the model of blades behavior at the stage of rotary acceleration which proves the theoretical description of the process.

Full textKasperovich D. V., Perednya V. I., Kitun A. V., Romanovich A. A.
Substantiation of the construction of a feeder with a crusher determining the length of a crusher shear knife
The article proposes the construction of a feeder with a crusher which allows combining feed additives supply together with crushing. The crushing device and its work are described. The length of the frontal side plane of a shear knife is determined what enables to have a shear effect with minimum energy cost.

UpProcessing and Storage of Agricultural Production

Full textMoskva V. V., Litvjak V. V., Bendoraitiene J., Lekniute-Kyzike E.
Technology of producing modified starch of cold swelling with controlled properties for commercial complex
Developed is the technology of producing modified starch of cold swelling with controlled properties allowing to obtain swelling starch with desired properties (solubility, swelling properties, viscosity) through controlling the degree of polymers destruction what makes it possible to expand the spheres and methods of starch use.

UpScientists of Belarus

Full text
Igor Stanislavovich Nagorsky (To the 85th Anniversary of Birthday)

Full text
Aleksei Stepanovich Skakun (To the 70th Anniversary of Birthday)

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